Římská jména

Připravila: Tita Iuventia Martia

Na této stránce naleznete základní informace kolem římských jmen, a to jak mužů, tak žen. V této sekci je obecné info o jménech, v jednotlivých podsekcích pak naleznete seznamy jednotlivých částí římských jmen. Seznamy nejsou kompletní, pokud naleznu nějaké jméno, resp. část jména, která není v seznamu, vložím ji do dané podsekce.

Stručně úvodem

jméno římského muže se skládalo z těchto tří částí:

  • Praenomen – jakési křestní jméno, užívalo se pouze v úzkém rodinném kruhu či u dobrých přátel.
  • Nomen – jméno rodové, čili jméno rodu, do kterého se muž narodil.
  • cognomen – spolujméno, jakási přezdívka, užívalo se hodně při hovoru a mohlo vyjadřovat jak vlastnosti nositele, tak jeho čestný titul, ale také mohlo sloužit k rozlišení jednotlivých "větví" v jednom rodu či k rozlišení mužských členů v rámci jedné konkrétní rodiny.


  • Cognomen nebylo, až do 1. stol. př. nl. rozhodně univerzální a zdaleka ne každý muž jej vlastnil, např. Gaius Marius (Gaius – praenomen, Marius, Nomen), ale i v pozdějších dobách nebylo nijak zvláštní, když muž třetí část svého jména prostě neměl, např. vojevůdce Gaia Julia Caesara Titus Labienus (Titus - praenomen, Labienus - nomen)

    Ženské jméno se, jednoduše, skládalo ze ženského tvaru rodového jména otce ženy (Julius, Julia, Cornelius, Cornelia a pod.), občas měla žena také cognomen a to ze stejných důvodů, jako muž.

    Seznam římských Praenomina

    Amulius, Appius, Aulus, Caesonius, Caius či Gaius, Camillus, Cnaeus či Gnaeus, Decimus, Decius, Drusus, Flavius, Gallus, Herius, Kaeso či Caeso, Lucius, Mamercus, Manius, Marcus, Nonius, Numerius, Octavius, Oppius, Opiter, POstumus, Primus, Proculus, Publius, Quadratus, Quartus, Quintus, Secundus, Servius, Sextus, Spurius, Tercius, Tiberius, Titus, Vibius, Vopiscus

    Zkratky některých prraenomin:

  • A. - Aulus
  • Ap. - Appius
  • C. - Gaius/Caius
  • Cn. - Gnaeus/Cnaeus
  • D. - Decimus
  • K. - Kaeso/Caeso
  • L. - Lucius
  • M. - Marcus
  • Mn. - Manius
  • Mam. - Mamercus
  • N. - Numerius
  • Opet. - Opiter
  • P. - Publius
  • Post. - Postumus
  • Proc. - Proculus
  • Q. - Quintus
  • Ser. - Servius
  • Sex. - Sextus
  • Sp. - Spurius
  • T. - Titus
  • Ti. - Tiberius
  • Vop. - Vopiscus
  • Seznam římských Nomina (seznam není kompletní)

    A
    Accius, Abudius, Adaucius, Aelius, Aemilius, Aeresius, Afranius, Albius, Ammonius, Anicius, Annius, Antonius, Apuleius, Arrenius, Artorius, ATius, Asinius, Audacilius, Aufidius, Aulus, Aurelius

    B
    Babudius, Billienus

    C
    Caecilius, Caelius, Caesennius, Caesidius, Calidius, Cassianius, Calpurnius, Cammidius, Cammius, Camurius, Carausius, Casperius, Calvisius, Cassius, Celerinius, Censorius, Claudius, Clodius, Coceius, Cornelius, Curtius

    D
    Decrius, Desticius, Decumius, Didius, Domitius, Duccius

    E
    Ecimius, Eprius, Exomnius

    F
    Fabius, Fannius, Favonius, Flavius, Furius

    G
    Gargilius, GAvius, Gessius, Gracchus, Grattius

    H
    Helvidius, Helvius, Herennius, Honorius, Hortensius, Hosidius

    I
    Ingenuius, Iulius, Iuventius

    L
    Larcius, Latinius, Liburnius, Licinius, Ligustinius, Livius, Lollius, Lousius, Lucretius

    M
    Macro, Macrinius, Maenius, Manlius, Mannius, Marius, Menius, Mercatius, Messius, Messorius, Metellus, Minicius, Mommius, Mucius, Mummius, Munatius, Mussius, Mustius

    N
    Nectovelius, Nemonius, Neratius, Nestorius, Nonius, Numonius, Nymphidius

    O
    Octavius, Oclatinius, Olcinius, Opellius, Oppius, Ostorius

    P
    Paternius, Peltrasius, Pescenius, Petillius, Petronius, Platorius, Plautius, Poenius, Pompeius, Pomponius, Pontius, Porcius, Postumius, Praesentius, Pupius

    Q
    Quinctilius

    R
    Roscius, Rustius, Rutilius

    S
    Sallustius, Salvius, Saturius, Saufeius, Scribonius, Sempronius, Sergius, SEntius, Septimius, Sertorius, Simplicius, Sittius, Socellius, Spurius, Statilius, Statorius, Suetonius, Sulpicius, Sutorius

    T
    Tabellius, Tadius, Tarrutenius, Terentius, Tertinius, Thoranius, Tigidius, Titius, Trebellius, Tuccius

    U / V
    Ulpius, Vagiennius, Valerius, Varius, Velius, Veranius, Vesnius, Vettius, Vibius, Vipsanius, Virius, Vitellius, Volteius, Volusius

    Seznam římských Cognomina (seznam není kompletní)

    A
    Abercius, Abito, Acacius, Acaunus, Acilianus, Adauctus, Adepphius, Adjutor, Adranos, Adventus, Aeacus, Aebutus, Aelianus, Aemilianus, Afer, Afinius, Africanus, Agaptus, Agatopus, Agelastus, Agorix, Agricola, Agrippa, Agustalis, Ahala, Ahenobarbus, Achaicus, Alamannicus, Albanus, Albinius, Albinus, Alethius, Alexander, Alexianus, Allectus, Aloysius, Aluredes, Alypius, Amandus, Amantius, Ambrosius, Amor, Amphion, Anatolius, Ancus, Andronicus, Angelus, Antius, Anullinus, Apelles, Apellinus, Aper, Apollonarius, Apostata, Aprilis, Aprus, Aquila, Aquilius, Arabs, Aratus, Arcadius, Arcanus, Arcavius, Archarius, Arius, Armiger, Arminus, Arpagius, Arrianus, Arruntius, Aruns, Arvina, Asellio, Asina, Asprenas, Asprenus, Assanius, Audaios, Audens, Augendus, Augurius, Augurnus, Augustalis, Augustanus, Augustus, Auila, Aurelianus, Aureolus, Ausonius, Auspex, Auxentius, Auxientius, Auxilius, Avienus, Avitus

    B
    Balbillus, Balbinus, Balbus, Balduinus, Bamballio, Banquerius, Barbatus, Baro, Bassianus, Bassus, Bato, Belenus, Belisarius, Bellator, Belletor, Bellicianus, Bellicus, Bellus, Bestia, Bestius, Betto, Bibaculus, Bibulus, Bitucus, Blandus, Bodenius, Boionius, Bolanus, Bonifatius, Bonosus, Bonus, Bradua, Britanicus, Brocchus, Bromidus, Bruccius, Brucetus, Bruscius, Brutus, Bubo, Buccio, Bulla, Burcanius, Burrus, Buteo

    C
    Caecilianus, Caecina, Caecus, Caelestius, Caelianus, Caelinus, Caelistis, Caepio, Caerellius, Caesar, Calacicus, Calatinus, Caldus, Calenus, Calerus, Caletus, Caligula, Callisunus, Calogerus, Calpornius, Calpurnianus, Calpurnis, Calvinus, Calvus, Camerius, Camillus, Campanus, Candidianus, Candidius, Candidus, Canio, Canisius, Cantaber, Capito, Capiton, Caprarius, Caracalla, Caracturus, Carantus, Carbo, Carinus, Carisius, Carius, Carnifex, Carus, Casca, Cassianus, Castinus, Castorius, Castus, Catianus, Catilina, Catilinus, Cato, Catonius, Cattianus, Catullus, Catus, Cecilianus, Celatus, Celer, Celsus, Cenaeus, Cencius, Censorinus, Censorius, Centumalus, Cerialis, Cerinthus, Cerularius, Cervianus, Cervidus, Cethegus, Cicero, Cico, Cimber, Cina, Cinnianus, Cita, Cittinus, Civilis, Clarus, Classicianus, Claudianus, Clemens, Clement, Clodianus, Coclitus, Cogitatus, Colias, Collatinus, Columbanus, Columella, Comes, Comitianus, Comitinus, Commidius, Commidus, Commius, Commodus, Concessus, Congrio, Constans, Constantius, Coranus, Corbulo, Cordus, Cornix, Cornutus, Corvinus, Corvus, Cosmas. Cotentinus, Cotta, Crassus, Cremutius, Crescens, Crescentius, Cresces, Crispian, Crispin, Crispus, Crito, Crotilo, Cucuphas, Culleolus, Cumanus, Cunobarrus, Cupitas, Curio, Cyprianus, Cyprias, Cyricus

    D
    Dacien, Dagvalus, Dalmatius, Dama, Damasippus, Damasus, Damian, Dannicus, Dardanius, Dardanus, Decentius, Decianus, Decius, Decmitius, Decmus, Dentatus, Dexion, Dexippus, Dexter, Diadumenianus, Dida, Didicus, Dignus, Dio, Diocletianus, Diocourides, Disertus, Docilinus, Docilus, Dolabella, Dominicus, Domitianus, Donatianus, Donatus, Donicus, Dorotheus, Drusillus, Drusus, Dubitatius, Dulcitius, Durio, Durus, Duvianus

    E
    Eborius, Eburnus, Ecdicius, Eclectus, Egbuttius, Egnatius, Elagabalus, Elerius, Eliphas, Elpidius, Elvorix, Emeritus, Encratis, Ennecus, Ennius, Ennodius, Eonus, Epidianus, Epimachus, Epolonius, Erasinus, Esdras, Etruscius, Etruscus, Eudomius, Eudoxius, Eugenius, Eugenus, Eulogius, Eumenius, Eunapius, Euphemius, Eustacius, Eutherius, Evodius, Excingus, Exsupereus, Exuperantius, Exupertus

    F
    Fabianus, Fabillus, Facilis, Fadus, Fagus, Falco, Falconius, Falx, Famia, Familiaris, Fastidius, Faustillus, Faustinianus, Faustinius, Faustus, Faventinus, Felicissimus, Felissimus, Felix, Ferentinus, Ferreolius, Festus, Fidelis, Fidus, Figulus, Fimbria, Fimus, Firmicus, Firminus, Firmus, Flaccus, Flavian, Flavianus, Flavillus, Flavinus, Florens, Florentinus, Florentius, Florianus, Florus, Forianus, Fortunatus, Fraucus, Fredisius, Frigidian, Frontalis, Frontinus, Fronto, Fructosis, Frugi, Frugius, Frumentius, Fullofaudes, Fulvianus, Fulvus, Furius, Fuscinus, Fuscus

    G
    Gaetulicus, Gaianus, Gaius, Gala, Galarius, Galba, Galenus, Galerus, Gallienus, Gallio, Gallus, Galvisius, Garilianus, Gaurus, Gavros, Gavrus, Gelasius, Gellius, Gemellus, Geminianus, Generidus, Genesius, Genialis, Gennadius, Gerardus, Germanicus, Germanus, Gessius, Geta, Getha, Glabrio, Glaucia, Globulus, Gluvias, Glycia, Glico, Gordian, Gordianus, Gordio, Gorgonius, Gothicus, Gracchus, Gracilis, Graecinus, Gratian, Gratidianus, Grattus, Gregorius, Grumio, Gryllus, Gualterus

    H
    Habitus, Hadrianus, Hannibalianus, Hardalio, Haterius, Helvius, Herculius, Herenus, Herma, Hermina, Hesychius, Hiberus, Hilario, Hilaris, Hilarius, Hirpinius, Hirrus, Homullus, Honoratus, Horatius, Hortensis, Hortensius, Hortensus, Hosidius, Humilus, Hybrida

    CH
    Chaerea, Chlorus, Christianus

    I
    Iacomus, Ianuarius, Iavolenus, Igennus, Ignatius, Indaletius, Indus, Ingenuus, Ingenvinus, Iocundus, Iovianus, Iovinianus, Iovinus, Iovius, Irenaeus, Isatis, Isauricus, Italicus, Iuba, Iulian, Iulianus, Iuncinus, Iuncus, Iunianus, Iustianus, Iustinianus, Iustinus, Iustus, Iuvenlis, Ivmarus

    L
    Lactantius, Laeca, Laenas, Laenatus, Laetinianus, Laevinus, Larcius, Lartius, Lateranus, Latinius, Laurentius, Leddicus, Lentullus, Leon, Leontius, Lepidus, Lepontus, Leptis, Libanius, Liberalis, Libo, Licinianus, Licinius, Ligur, Ligustinus, Limetanus, Linus, Litorius, Littera, Litumaris, Livianus, Livigenus, Longinus, Lovernianus, Lovernius, Lucan, Lucanus, Lucianus, Lucilianus, Lucretius, Luctacus, Lucullus, Lunaris, Luonercus, Lupercus, Lupicinus, Lupinus, Lupis, Lupus, Lurco, Lurio, Lutherius, Lutorius

    M
    Maccalus, Macer, Macrinus, Macro, Macrobius, Mactator, Maecenus, Maecius, Magnentius, Magnus, Magunnus, Maius, Major, Malchus, Mallus, Maltinus, Mancinus, Manlius, Mansuetus, Marcallas, Marcellinus, Marcellus, Marcialis, Marcianus, Marcipor, Margarita, Marinianus, Marinus, Maritialis, Maritimus, Marius, Maro, Marsallas, Marsicus, Marsus, Marsyas, Martial, Martialis, Martianus, Martinianus, Martinus, Martius, Martyrius, Marullinus, Marullus, Masala, Masavo, Maternus, Matho, Mauricius, Maursus, Maurus, Maxentius, Maximian, Maximianus, Maximinius, Maximinus, Maximus, Medullinus, Megellus, Melissus, Melito, Melitus, Melus, Meminius, Memmius, Memor, Menophilus, Mercator, Mercurialis, Mercurinus, Merula, Messala, Messalinus, Messius, Messor, Metellus, Metilius, Metunus, Micianus, Mico, Micon, Milonius, Minervalis, Minianus, Minicianus, Moderatus, Modianus, Molacus, Momus, Montanus, Mordanticus, Mucianus, Muco, Muncius, Murena, Mus, Musa, Musicus, Mutilus, Mutius

    N
    Nabor, Naevius, Narcissus, Narses, Nasica, Naso, Natalinus, Natalis, Naucratius, Nazarius, Nectaridus, Nelius, Nemesianus, Nemnogenus, Neneus, Nennius, Nepos, Nero, Nertomarus, Nerva, Nicasius, Nicetius, Nigellus, Niger, Nigidius, Nigrinianus, Nigrinus, Niraemius, Nolus, Nonius, Noricus, Noster, Novanus, Novation, Novellius, Numerianus, Numerius, Numonis

    O
    Oceanus, Octavian, Octavianus, Octobrianus, Olennius, Olympicus, Opilio, Opimius, Opis, Optatus, Orator, Orientalis, Orientius, Orissus, Orosius, Osterianus, Otho, Ovinus

    P
    Pacatianus, Pacuvianus, Paenula, Paetinus, Paetus, Pachomius, Palicamus, Pamphilius, Panaetius, Pansa, Pantensus, Panthera, Papinian, Papus, Paratus, Parnesius, Pascentius, Pastor, Paterculus, Paternus, Patiens, Patricius, Paulinus, Paullus, Pavo, Pelagius, Pennus, Peregrinus, Perenis, Perpenna, Perperna, Pertacus, Pertinax, Petasius, Petra, Petreius, Petronax, Petrus, Philippus, Photius, Picens, Pictor, Pilatus, Pilus, Pinarius, Piso, Pius, Placidus, Planta, Plautis, Plautius, Plautus, Pleminius, Pollienus, Pollio, Polus, Polybius, Pompeianus, Pompolussa, Pomponius, Poplicola, Porcus, Porphyrius, Postumianus, Postumus, Potitus, Praetextus, Prilidianus, Primanus, Primulus, Primus, Prisca, Priscian, Priscillian, Priscillianus, Priscus, Probus, Processus, Proceus, Proclus, Proculus, Procyon, Profuterius, Propertius, Protacius, Protus, Proxsimus, Publianus, Publicola, Publicus, Pudens, Pudentius, Pulcher, Pulcherius, Pullus, Pupienus, Pusinnus, Pustula

    Q
    Quadratus, Quartinus, Quarto, Quatrus, Quentin, Quietus, Quintilianus, Quintilius, Quintillius, Quintillus, Quiriac, Quiricus, Quirinalis

    R
    Ramio, Ramirus, Ravilla, Reburrus, Receptus, Rectus, Regalianus, Regillus, Reginus, Regulus, Remigius, Remus, Renatus, Respectus, Restitutus, Rex, Ripanus, Rogatus, Rogelius, Romanus, Romulianus, Romulus, Roscius, Rufinianus, Rufinus, Rufrius, Rufus, Rullus, Ruricius, Ruso, Rusticus, Rutilianus

    S
    Sabellius, Sabinianus, Sabinus, Sacerdos, Saenus, Salinatoor, Salonianus, Saloninus, Salonius, Salutius, Salvian, Salvianus, Salvius, Sanctus, Sandilianus, Sanga, Sarimarcus, Sarrius, Saturninus, Saturnius, Saunio, Savius, Scaevola, Scapula, Scaro, Scato, Scaurus, Scipio, Scribonianus, Scrofa, Sebastianus, Secundas, Secundus, Segestes, Seianus, Sellic, Sempronianus, Seneca, Senecianus, Senecio, Senecius, Senilis, Senna, Senopianus, Sentius, Septimianus, Sergius, Seronatus, Serranus, Sertorius, Servanus, Servatius, Servilius, Seuso, Severlinus, Severus, Sevso, Schlerus, Siculus, Sidonius, Sigilis, Silanus, Silius, Silo, Silus, Silvanus, Similis, Simo, Simplex, Simplicianus, Siricus, Sisenna, Sisinnius, Sita, Sollemnis, SolonSolus, Sorex, Sorio, Sosius, Sotericus, Soulinus, Sparticus, Spendius, Speratus, Statius, Stichus, Strabo, Suavis, Suburanus, Sudrenus, Suilius, Sulinus, Sulla, Sulpicianus, Sulpicius, Super, Superbus, Superstes, Sura, Surinus, Surius, Surus, Sylla, Sylvian, Sylvius, Symmachus, Symphorian, Sympronian, Synistor, Synnodus

    T
    Tacitus, Taenaris, Tancinus, Tanicus, Tarquinius, Tarsicius, Tasius, Tatian, Taurinus, Telesinus, Terenteianus, Tertius, Tertullian, Tertullianus, Tertulus, Tetricus, Tetullianus Thra, Thrasea, Thurinus, Tiberillus, Tiberinus, Tibullus, Tiburs, Tiburtius, Ticinius, Tigellinus, Titianus, Titillus, Torquatus, Toutius, Traianus, Trailus, Tranio, Tranquillus, Trebellius, Trebius, Trebonianus, Tremerus, Tremorinus, Trenico, Trenus, Triarius, Trifer, Triferus, Trimalchio, Trogus, Trupo, Tuccianus, Tuditanus, Tullas, Turibius, Turpilianus, Turpilias, Turpilinus, Tuticanus, Tutor, Typhoeus, Tyranus

    U, V
    Ulfila, Ulixes, Ulpianus, Umbonius, Urbicus, Ursacius, Ursinus, Ursus, Uticensis, Uticus, Urbanus, Vala, Valens, Valentinian, Valentinus, Valerian, Valerianus, Valgus, Varialus, Varro, Varus, Vatia, Vedrix, Vegetius, Veldumnianus, Velius, Velus, Venantius, Venator, Ventor, Venustinius, Vepgenus, Veranius, Verecundus, Verinus, Verres, Verrucosis, Verrucosus, Verullus, Verus, Vespasianus, Vespillo, Vestinus, Vestorius, Vetranio, Vettonianus, Veturius, Viator, Vibennis, Vibius, Vibullius, Victor, Victorinus, Victricius, Vincentius, Vindex, Vinicianus, Virginius, Viridio, Virilis, Virnius, Vitalinus, Vitalion, Vitalis, Vitoricus, Vitulus, Vitus, Vocula, Volturcius, Volusenus, Volusianus, Vonones, Vopiscus, Voteporix, Vulso

    Z
    Zeno, Zoilus, Zosimus 

    Seznam ženských jmen (není kompletní)

    A
    Abudia Megiste, Aelia Flacilla, Aemilia Lepida, Aemilia Tertia, Afinia Gemina Baebiana, Agripina, Allia Potestas, Anastasia, Annia, Antiochis, Antonia, Antonia Thallusa, Appulia, Aristarete, Arria, Artemis, Athenodora, Atia, Aurelia Leite, Aurelia Philmatio, Axia

    B
    Basilina, Bassilla

    C
    Ceionia Fabia, Caprasia, Cardixa, Cassia Secunda, Claudia, Clitumna, Clodia, Constantia, Constantina, Cornelia, Cornelia Cina, Cornelia Sula, Cornelia Supera, Cornelia Scipionis

    D
    Dalmatica, Didymarion, Didyme, Dionysia, Dryantilla, Dominia Longina, Domitia, Decidiana, Domnina, Drusilla

    E
    Epicydilla, Epidia, Epria, Eucharis, Egnatia Mariniana, Eusebia, Eutropia, Extricata

    F
    Fannia, Fausta, Faustina, Flavia Maximiana Theodora, Flavia Publia Nimachis, Flavia Sabina, Furia Sabina Tranquillina

    G
    Gaia Afrania, Galeria Valeria, Galla Placidia, Gnome

    H
    Hedea, Helena, Helvia, Herennia Cupressenia Etruscilla, Hilara, Hortensia

    I
    Irene, Isidora, Italia, Iulia Cornelia Salonina, Iulia Procilla, Iulia Livilla, Iusta grata Honoria, Iulia Domna, Iulia Maesa, Iulia Livilla, Iulia Pye, Iulia Mamaea, Iulia Soaemias, Iusta Grata Honoria, Iunia Theodora, Iunia Claudilla

    L
    Lalla, Larcia, Licinia, Livia Horaea, Livia Drusila, Lollia Paulina, Livia Orestilla, Lucila

    M
    Magnia Urbica, Magnilla, Melino, Melitina, Messalina, Milonia Caesonia, Minicia, Marcella, Maecina Faustina, Minucia Asste Marcia Otacilia Severa, Modia Quintia, Murdia, Musa, Mussia Dionysia, Mucia Tertia

    N
    Nonia Celsa, Nicopolis, Nitocris

    O
    Octavia, Olympias, Olympionicia, Orbiana

    P
    Paezusa, Pescennia Marcellina, Panthia, Parthenia, Perenice, Phamphile, Phyllis, Pobicia Aphe, Politta, Porcia Liciniana, Posilla Senenia, Primilla

    Q
    Quarta Senenia

    R
    Recepta, Rutilia

    S
    Sallustia Athenais, Saufeia Thalea, Scribonia, Semiramis, Serena, Servilia Gnaea, Servilia Caepionis, Scholastica, Socratea, Statilla, Statillia Tyrannis, Sulpicia Telephoris

    T
    Terentia Prima, Tertia Aemilia, Theodora, Thuria, Timarete, Tryphos

    U
    Ulpia Severina, Urbana

    V
    Venuleia Sosis, Vibia Galla, Vinuleia


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